Navigation and Orientation Best Practices
Navigation and Orientation is the least understood aspect of web accessibility for many web developers, but is the most important for providing people with disabilities equal access to electronic web materials. The ability of people with disabilities to navigate and orient to information on a web resource is not dependent on the graphical complexity, but on the underlying markup used to create the structure of the website. Therefore a page made up of only text content can be less accessible than a highly graphical website, if the graphical website contains structural elements and the text site uses only paragraph elements.
- Use to provide a unique title for each web resource in a web site.
- Headers are used to indicate major/minor topics in a web resource.
- Use to indicate navigation bars when used in conjunction with the
- Use to indicate ordered and unordered lists of items (you can use the CSS
list-styleproperty to change the formatting of bullets and numbering).
- Use to indicate lists of related items that have multiple descriptors, like the multiple definitions of a word in a dictionary or the time, location, and date of a meeting.
- Use to provide an association between form controls and their text labels.
- Use to provide a label that describes the relationship between a group of form controls.
headersattribute and table:
- Use to associate header cells (
th) with a data cell (
td) and provide information about the contents of a data table.
lan and xml:langattributes
- Use markup to indicate changes in language so speech technologies can automatically change pronunciation to the specified language